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Trichodiadema bulbosum

Botanical Name — Trichodiadema bulbosum
Common Name — African Bonsai or Miniature Desert Rose
Plant Family — Aizoaceae

Background

This South African native is true to its bonsai nickname with a distinct, trunk-like caudex and many leafy branches. The wiry, dense branches of this plant will form a low shrub structure and blossom with brilliant pink-petaled flowers during a long growing period from spring to autumn. The root foot, or caudex, of this plant is typically given many years to establish before it is repotted to be partially exposed above the soil. This doesn’t harm mature plants, and gives the specimen a particularly architectural look. Traditionally, the roots of Trichodiadema species have been used to speed the fermentation of bread and beer. They are said to contain either yeast or sugars that boost fermentation processes.


Growth Requirements

Sun
  • African Bonsai does best in filtered sun, 4 to 5 hours a day. Avoid intense afternoon sun by sheltering this plant beneath the limbs of a larger plant or placing it in the shadow of a sheer curtain. Grow outdoors in light shade or indoors in a sunny window with southern exposure.

Temperature/ Humidity
  • Trichodiadema bulbosum prefers warm temperatures in the 70s and 80s. It can become stressed if left in conditions of extreme temperatures or intense sun.
  • These plants are not cold hardy, if grown outdoors migrate these plants to a sunny spot indoors when night time temperatures drop below 55 ºF.

Water
  • Native to arid and sub-tropical climates, Trichodiadema bulbosum are drought tolerant plants. Water when the soil dries out in the summer and only infrequently during the winter. Their soil should be allowed to dry out entirely before watering thoroughly.
  • When the plant is actively flowering, give it a little more water. When flowers fall off, dial back on water.

Soil/Roots
  • These plants prefer a sandy, sharply draining mix. Cacti or succulent potting mix is great. You can amend a regular potting soil with sand or pumice up to 50% to improve grittiness and drainage.


Flowering
  • Trichodiadema bulbosum produce pink flowers with yellow centers most often during the spring and summer time. Flowering may continue into autumn if conditions are optimum.

Fertilization
  • These plants do not require fertilizer though it can be added to give container grown plants a boost or to supplement poor soil. Apply a water-soluble, balanced fertilizer monthly, diluted at half strength.

Propagation
  • Trichodiadema bulbosum can be propagated from stem cuttings. The best time to do this is late spring or early summer. Allow cuttings to callous for one to two weeks before dusting with rooting hormone and placing in soil.

Health

Diseases
  • Trichodiadema bulbosum are not prone to pests. Though not super common, they are more likely to fall victim to bacterial or fungal infections. Affected plants may need to be destroyed to prevent the spread of disease to other nearby plants.
  • Root rot can also be a concern and is triggered by overwatering. Always err on the side of underwatering.

Maintenance (pruning, legginess, repotting)
  • Little maintenance is required to grow these plants.
  • This plant loves to be rootbound in a pot. Once planted, they will be happy in the same pot for several years. Repot once every two to three years.
  • If you have a young Trichodiadema bulbosum, do not plan on exposing the caudex until it’s fully established.

Toxicity
  • Trichodiadema bulbosum is not toxic to humans or pets, but should not be ingested.