Botanical Name — Euphorbia trichadenia
Plant Family — Euphorbiaceae
Euphorbia trichadenia is a dwarf succulent that can be found along riversides in southern Africa. Looking like the bottom half of a ponytail palm with a tiny cluster of leaves and flowers on top, this unique plant makes for a show stopping accent specimen. The “trunk” of this plant is actually a large caudex, or exposed, bulbous root that stores water for long periods of drought.
- Euphorbia trichadenia does best in full sun, at least 5 to 8 hours a day. Avoid intense afternoon sun. Grow outdoors in light shade or indoors in a sunny window with southern exposure and direct sun.
- Euphorbia trichadenia prefers warm temperatures in the 70s and 80s. It can become stressed if left in conditions of extreme temperatures or intense sun.
- These plants are relatively cold hardy for Euphorbias, but only if they are kept super dry. For best results, bring this plant inside as soon as night time temperatures dip below 50 ºF.
- Thanks to their large caudex, Euphorbia trichadenia are drought tolerant plants. Water thoroughly when the soil dries out. When you do water, fully drench the soil.
- Water sparingly throughout the winter. The soil should always be allowed to dry out entirely before watering thoroughly.
- These plants prefer a sandy, sharply draining mix. Cacti or succulent potting mix is great. You can amend a regular potting soil with sand or pumice up to 50% to improve grittiness and drainage.
- These plants produce small yellow-green flowers during the spring and summer time. Potted plants and plants grown indoors may not flower.
- These plants do not require fertilizer though it can be added to give container grown plants a boost or to supplement poor soil. Apply a water-soluble, balanced fertilizer monthly, diluted at half strength.
- Euphorbia trichadenia can be propagated from stem cuttings. Take great care when cutting these plants as they contain a sap that can be highly irritant if contacted with skin.
- Allow cuttings to callous for several days before dusting with rooting hormone and placing in soil.
- Euphorbia trichadenia are not prone to pests. Though not super common, they are more likely to fall victim to bacterial or fungal infections. Affected plants may need to be destroyed to prevent the spread of disease to other nearby plants.
- Root rot can also be a concern and is triggered by overwatering. Always err on the side of underwatering.
Maintenance (pruning, legginess, repotting)
- Little maintenance is required to grow these plants.
- The deep, bulbous roots of this plant often require a deep pot, but once planted, they will be happy in the same pot for several years. Repot once every two to three years.
- All Euphorbia plants contain a poisonous sap that is very toxic if ingested and highly irritant if contacted with skin. Keep out of reach of pets and children. Wear gloves and take great care when handling this plant.